Sport Rulebook

Breaking Down Archery Scoring and Rules in the Olympics

Archery Scoring and Rules

Archery is a sport that requires precision, skill, and accuracy. Competitors shoot arrows at a target, and their performance is evaluated based on their ability to hit the target.

There are various types of archery competitions, including target archery, field archery, and 3-D archery. In this article, we will focus on target archery, which is the type of archery competition that is featured in the Olympics.

Target Scoring

In target archery, the primary objective is to hit the target, which is made up of concentric circles. The outer circle is worth the least number of points, and the point value increases as you move towards the center of the target.

The innermost circle, which is also known as the “inner 10,” is worth the most points. The target is divided into ten scoring zones, with each zone having a different point value.

The outermost zone is worth one point, and the point value increases by one as you move towards the center. The innermost zone, which is the “inner 10,” is worth ten points.

In addition to the concentric circles, there are also two other scoring zones on the target. The first is the X-ring, which is located in the center of the inner 10.

Hitting the X-ring is worth ten points, just like the inner 10. However, if there is a tie, the shooter with the most X’s will be declared the winner.

The second scoring zone is the “line breaker.” If the arrow touches the line between two scoring zones, the archer will be awarded the higher score. If there is a tie in a competition, a tiebreaker will be used to determine the winner.

The tiebreaker involves shooting one arrow, and the archer who scores the highest on that arrow wins the tiebreaker.

Set Scoring

In target archery, there are different scoring systems that can be used. One of the most common scoring systems is the set system, which is used in the Olympic Games.

In the set system, archers shoot 60 arrows, which are divided into six sets of ten arrows each. After each set, the archer’s total score is calculated, and the archer with the highest score is awarded two points.

If there is a tie, both archers are awarded one point each. The first archer to reach six points wins the match.

The total score of the archer is still recorded, but it is only used in the event of a tie in sets. For example, if the score is tied at 5-5, the archers will shoot another set, and if the score remains tied, a tiebreaker will be used to determine the winner.

World Archery Federation (WA) is the governing body for archery, and they have established rules and guidelines for target archery competitions. The WA sets the rules for the set system, including the number of sets and the number of arrows per set.

Olympic Archery Scoring

Target archery has featured in the Olympic Games since 1900, and it is one of the most popular Olympic sports. Archery was initially removed from the Olympic program after the 1920 Games, but it returned in 1972.

The Olympic archery competition consists of three events: individual, team, and mixed team. In the individual event, competitors shoot at a target from a distance of 70 meters, and there are 128 competitors.

The competition consists of a qualification round and elimination rounds. During the qualification round, each competitor shoots 72 arrows, and their scores are used to determine their ranking.

The top 64 archers, based on their score, qualify for the elimination rounds. In the elimination rounds, competitors shoot head-to-head matches.

Each match consists of four sets of five arrows, and the archer with the highest total score in each set is awarded two points. If there is a tie in a set, both archers are awarded one point each.

The first archer to reach six points wins the match, but If the score is tied at 5-5, a shoot-off is used to determine the winner. In the shoot-off, each archer shoots a single arrow, and the archer whose arrow is closest to the center of the target wins.

The team and mixed team events follow a similar format, with teams consisting of three archers. The team events feature a qualification round and elimination rounds, with matches consisting of four sets of six arrows each.

The mixed team event was introduced in the 2020 Olympics and features one man and one woman shooting alternately. The mixed team event also follows the same format as the team events.

Conclusion

Archery is a sport that requires focus, skill, and technique. Target archery competitions feature a range of scoring systems, including the set system, which is used in the Olympic Games.

The Olympic archery competition consists of three events: individual, team, and mixed team. The scoring format for the individual event includes a qualification round and elimination rounds, with matches decided by set scoring.

The team and mixed team events follow a similar format. Understanding the rules and scoring of target archery is important for competitors and fans alike, and it adds to the excitement and drama of the sport.

3) Olympic Team Competition Scoring

The Olympic archery team competition features three athletes per team, and each team shoots a total of 24 arrows during the ranking round. The ranking round is used to determine the seeding for the bracket-style competition.

In the ranking round, each athlete shoots 72 arrows, and their scores are added together to determine the team’s ranking. The twelve teams with the highest scores are seeded in a bracket-style competition.

During the bracket-style competition, teams compete in head-to-head matches. Each match consists of four sets, and each team shoots six arrows per set.

Each archer shoots two arrows per set, and the team’s total score for the set is recorded. The team with the highest total score in each set is awarded two points.

If there is a tie in a set, both teams are awarded one point each. The first team to reach five points wins the match.

If the score is tied at 4-4, a tiebreaker is used to determine the winner. The tiebreaker consists of each team shooting one arrow, and the team with the highest cumulative score of all of their arrows wins.

If the cumulative score is still tied, the team with the closest arrow to the center of the target wins. The team competition requires teamwork and coordination between the athletes.

Each team member must perform well to contribute to the team’s total score, and the team’s captain must make strategic decisions about which athletes will shoot in each set.

4) Olympic Mixed Team Competition Scoring

The mixed team competition is a new event that was introduced in the 2020 Olympic Games. The mixed team competition features one man and one woman from each country, and they shoot four arrows per set.

During the mixed team competition, teams compete in a bracket-style competition, similar to the team competition. Each match consists of four sets, and each team shoots four arrows per set.

Each set has a time limit of 80 seconds, and the set is started by the team captain. The captain decides which athlete will shoot the first two arrows and which athlete will shoot the last two arrows.

The scoring for the mixed team competition follows the same point rules as the individual and team events. The team with the highest score in each set is awarded two points, and if there is a tie, both teams are awarded one point each.

The first team to reach five points wins the match, but if the score is tied at 4-4, the tiebreaker rules are the same as the team competition. Each team shoots one arrow, and the team with the highest cumulative score wins.

If the cumulative score is still tied, the team with the closest arrow to the center of the target wins. The mixed team competition requires both genders to work together and complement each other’s skills.

It adds a unique dynamic to the archery competition and provides an additional opportunity for countries to win Olympic medals.

Conclusion

The Olympic archery team and mixed team competitions require precision and teamwork. The scoring format for the team events includes a ranking round and a bracket-style competition, with matches decided by set scoring.

The mixed team competition features a format that is unique to archery, with one man and one woman shooting alternately. Understanding the rules and scoring of the team and mixed team competitions is important for competitors and fans alike, and it adds to the excitement and drama of the sport.

In this article, we discussed the rules and scoring of target archery in the Olympics, including the individual, team, and mixed team competitions. The set system is commonly used, with the scoring format featuring a ranking round and elimination rounds, and matches decided by set scoring or tiebreakers.

It is important to understand the rules and scoring of target archery to fully appreciate the sport and support the athletes. For more information, please review the FAQs below.

FAQs:

1. What is the target scoring system in archery?

The target is divided into ten scoring zones, ranging from one to ten points, with the innermost circle worth the most points. 2.

How does the set scoring system work in archery? Competitors shoot 60 arrows, divided into six sets of ten arrows, with the archer with the highest score in each set awarded two points.

3. What is the format of the Olympic team competition?

The competition features three athletes per team, and each team shoots 24 arrows during the ranking round to determine seeding for the bracket-style competition. 4.

How does the mixed team competition differ from the individual and team events? The mixed team competition features one man and one woman from each country, shooting four arrows per set, and follows the same scoring rules as the individual and team competitions.

5. Do archery competitions use tiebreakers?

Yes, if there is a tie in a set or match, tiebreakers are used to determine the winner, which can include shooting one arrow or using a cumulative score to determine the closest arrow to the center of the target.

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