Sport Rulebook

Choosing the Perfect Bowling Ball: Weight Type and Coverstock Explained

Bowling is a fun and exciting sport. It is a game that brings people together for an enjoyable time with friends and family.

One of the most important aspects of bowling is selecting the right bowling ball. The weight, type, and components of a bowling ball can make all the difference between a good game and a great game.

In this article, we will delve into the various aspects of bowling balls and provide useful information to help you choose the right ball for your game.

Bowling Ball Weight

The weight of a bowling ball is one of the most important factors to consider when selecting a bowling ball. The weight of the ball can affect the speed, the hook, the control, and the overall performance of your game.

The ideal weight for bowling ball varies from person to person, depending on a variety of factors.

Formula for Weight

The formula for selecting the correct weight of the ball is simple. Take 10% of your body weight, add or subtract a pound or two, and you get the perfect bowling ball weight for yourself.

This formula only provides a starting point, as there are other factors to consider, such as physical strength, experience, and personal preference.

Factors Affecting Weight

Physical strength is another important factor to consider when selecting the right weight for your bowling ball. If you are relatively weak, you might want to select a lighter ball so that you can comfortably use it without putting too much strain on your arms.

However, if you are strong, you might want a heavier ball for the additional control and power. Experience is another critical factor in selecting the weight of your bowling ball.

Beginners should start with a lighter ball to develop proper technique, while more experienced players can handle heavier balls for a better performance. Personal preference is also vital when selecting a bowling balls weight.

You might find that you bowl more accurately and enjoyably with a lighter ball, while another bowler might prefer a heavier ball for better control and stability.

Trying Out Different Weights

Choosing the right weight for your ball might take some trial and error. Most bowling centers have a range of bowling balls in various weights that you can experiment with before deciding on the perfect one.

Trying out different weights will help you gauge what weight youre comfortable with, allowing you to make a more informed decision.

Types of Bowling Balls

Bowling balls come in a variety of shapes and types. Different types of bowling balls offer distinct advantages and disadvantages, so it is essential to know which one to use for particular purposes.

Three-Piece Balls

Three-piece bowling balls are the most advanced type of bowling balls. They have a weight block core, an intermediate weight block layer, and an outer shell.

These three components work together to provide excellent control, stability, and power for bowlers.

Two-Piece Balls

Two-piece bowling balls consist of a core and an outer shell. They are less advanced than three-piece balls, but they still offer excellent results on the lanes.

They are more suited for recreational bowlers than professional athletes.

Components of Bowling Balls

The components of a bowling ball include the core, coverstock, and weight block. The core is the center of the ball and provides balance and control to the ball.

The coverstock is the outer surface of the ball that gives it its unique appearance, and the weight block is the center of gravity of the ball. Different coverstocks provide different benefits.

Some coverstocks provide more hook potential, while others give the ball more control. Choosing the right coverstock depends on the individual bowlers bowling style and bowling lane conditions.

Weight blocks come in different shapes. They all provide different characteristics that can be used to match the bowlers needs.

Some weight blocks are low in density and easily change direction when thrown, while others are high in density and offer better control and stability.


Bowling is a fun and exciting game best enjoyed with the right bowling ball. Choosing the right bowling ball weight, type, and components are significant in improving your performance on the lanes.

Bowling balls come in different weights and various types, giving bowlers many options to choose from. Experimenting with different weights and types of bowling balls can help you identify the perfect bowling ball for your game.

Lastly, understanding the components of bowling balls will enable you to select the right ball with the correct coverstock and weight block. With this knowledge, you can enjoy bowling with confidence.

Bowling balls come in different coverstocks, each providing different characteristics. Understanding the different types of coverstocks can help bowlers choose the right bowling ball for their gaming style and the current lane conditions.

In this article, we will discuss the three main types of coverstocks available in the market, namely, plastic, urethane, and reactive resin coverstocks.

Plastic Coverstocks

Plastic coverstocks are the most basic type of coverstock. They are usually contoured in a simple design, with a glossy finish.

They are hard and smooth, offering minimal friction while rolling down the lanes. Plastic coverstocks are most suitable for beginners and recreational bowlers because they don’t provide much hook potential, which can make it easier to control the ball.

They are also budget-friendly, making them an excellent option for bowlers on a tight budget. The primary disadvantage of plastic coverstocks is that they don’t offer a lot of versatility.

Their lack of grip power makes them challenging to control in oily lane conditions, which may result in less accuracy and inconsistent shots.

Urethane and Reactive Resin Coverstocks

Urethane coverstocks are softer than plastic coverstocks. They provide better grip and generate more hook potential, making them ideal for more experienced bowlers.

Urethane coverstocks are the best choice for bowlers who prefer a smoother rollout of the ball down the lane. They are also suitable for bowling lanes with medium to light oil because they are less likely to skid and keep rolling into the gutter.

Reactive resin coverstocks are the most versatile type of coverstock as they provide excellent grippage, even on oily lanes. Reactive resin coverstocks are the go-to coverstock for professional bowlers because of their high level of hook potential and control.

They use a combination of reactive resin and urethane to provide highly desirable hook shapes that are required in the sport. The primary advantage of urethane and reactive resin coverstocks is that they offer more hook potential and better control in different lane conditions.

They are also more durable than plastic coverstocks, which can become susceptible to damage over time.

Choosing the Right Coverstock

Choosing the right coverstock is critical in maximizing your bowling potential. It is important to consider your skill level, the lane conditions, and the coverstock’s attributes when deciding on the perfect bowling ball.

Beginners and recreational bowlers should start with a plastic coverstock ball. They offer maximum control and are less challenging to roll.

As the bowler improves their skill level, they can switch to a urethane or reactive resin coverstock. More experienced bowlers should consider a urethane coverstock ball due to its versatility and enhanced hook potential.

Bowlers who prefer to play on different lane conditions should go with a reactive resin coverstock. It provides better control, different hook shapes, and more extensive coverage of oil patterns.

Bowlers who play in highly competitive environments can select reactive resin coverstocks that offer more advanced features, including customizable grips, higher end finishes, and specialized finger inserts. In conclusion, understanding the different types of coverstocks can help bowlers choose the right bowling ball to match their skill level and the lane conditions.

Selecting the wrong coverstock can have a significant impact on your performance, accuracy, and overall experience. Bowling ball manufacturers are continually improving their products, which makes selecting the right coverstock increasingly complex.

It is critical to research thoroughly, experiment with different types of coverstocks, and take your time in selecting the perfect ball. In summary, choosing the right bowling ball is essential in optimizing your performance on the lanes.

Bowling balls come in different types, weights, and coverstocks, each providing different advantages and disadvantages. Understanding the different types of coverstocks, including plastic, urethane, and reactive resin coverstocks, is particularly important in maximizing your potential.

Bowlers should research thoroughly, choose the right coverstock based on their skill level and lane conditions, and experiment with different bowling balls. With these tips, bowlers can improve their accuracy, control, and overall experience while bowling.


1. What is the best weight for a bowling ball?

– The best weight for a bowling ball varies from person to person, but 10% of your body weight is a good starting point. 2.

What are the different types of bowling balls? – Bowling balls come in three main types: three-piece balls, two-piece balls and spare balls.

3. What are coverstocks in bowling balls?

– Coverstocks are the outer surface of the ball that provides grip and friction for the bowler. 4.

Which coverstock is best for beginners? – Plastic coverstocks are the best for beginners because they provide maximum control.

5. Which coverstock is best for professionals?

– Reactive resin coverstocks are the best for professionals due to their high hook potential and superior control.

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