Sport Rulebook

The Components Scoring and Rules of Basketball Explained

Basketball is a sport that has become increasingly popular worldwide. The game requires specific equipment and a marked court.

Its scoring system is also unique, involving two-pointers, three-pointers, and free throws. In this article, we will walk through the different components of a basketball court and the ways to score in basketball.

Components of a Basketball Court

The Basket, Backboard, and Net

The basket is the ring-like structure that holds the net. The net hangs from the rim, which is also known as the metal ring.

The backboard is made of fiberglass, aluminum, or tempered glass. The role of the backboard is to provide a surface to rebound, so that the basketball can be kept in play.

Baselines and Sidelines

In basketball, there are four boundary lines. Two of these lines are baselines, which marks the two ends of the court.

The end lines are the same as the baseline. The sidelines connect the two baselines, and are located on both sides of the court.

The inbounding in basketball occurs from the end lines.

Front Court and Back Court

Basketball courts are divided into two sections: the frontcourt and the backcourt. The midcourt line separates the two.

In basketball, possession does not change until the ball crosses the midcourt line.

The Center Circle

The center circle is located at the center of the court, on the jump ball circle. The jump ball circle is where the ball is tossed to start the game and for jump balls that occur during the game.

The team that wins the jump ball gets the first possession of the game.

Three-Point Line

The three-point line is the arc that is three feet away from the basket. When the ball is thrown into the hoop from beyond this line, three points are awarded.

This is different from within the line, where only two points are awarded.

The Paint and Low Blocks

The painted area on the basketball court is also known as the lane or the key. It is rectangular and located in front of the basket.

Low blocks refer to the two rectangular spaces that are located on either side of the painted area. Plays are designed for the low blocks, especially for post players who are good at taking close-range shots.

Restricted Area

The restricted area is the half-circle that is located beneath the basket. If a defensive player enters this area while an offensive player is driving to the basket, it is called a charging foul.

This rule prevents defenders from disrupting offensive plays close to the basket.

Scoring in Basketball

The Basket

One of the primary means of scoring in basketball is by making a basket. To do this, a player has to throw the ball through the basket.

A basket is worth two points, except when it is scored from beyond the three-point line, then it is worth three points.


A three-pointer is a type of shot that is taken beyond the three-point line. When the ball goes into the basket from this zone, three points are awarded.

This kind of shot is commonly made by players who have good shooting skills.

Free Throws

Free throws are awarded when a player is fouled while shooting. In this type of scoring, the player shoots from the free-throw line, which is located 15 feet away from the basket.

If the player makes the shot, one point is awarded.


Two-pointers are any shots made from within the three-point line. Since they are inside the line, they are worth two points.


Basketball is an exciting sport with specific equipment and marked courts. The scoring system is unique, with two-pointers, three-pointers, and free throws.

Knowing the different components of a basketball court and how to score are essential for players and fans alike. By understanding these elements, you can become a more informed observer of the game.

Basketball is a fast-paced and complex sport that requires players to follow a set of rules to ensure fairness and safety on the court. In this continuation of our article, we will delve into the rules of basketball and provide details on out of bounds, possession and control of the ball, fouls, and violations.

Out of Bounds

In basketball, the court is marked with boundary lines that determine the limits of play. If a player crosses any of these lines, the ball is considered out of bounds.

When the ball goes out of bounds, a turnover occurs, and the opposing team gets possession of the ball. The play is resumed by an inbound pass, from behind the end line where the ball went out of bounds.

If the ball is thrown out of bounds from behind the baseline of the team who is defending, then the ball goes to the team who threw the ball out of bounds.

Possession and Control of the Ball

Possession and control of the ball are important concepts in basketball. A team must have control of the ball to make a shot, and they must maintain possession to win the game.

Possession is lost when the opposing team steals the ball or when a turnover occurs. Turnovers can result from traveling, double dribbling, or a player stepping out of bounds.

There are two types of inbounding in basketball: throw-in and jump ball. Throw-in is used when the ball goes out of bounds or when a team scores.

In this method, a player from the team that did not touch the ball last before it went out of bounds or scored must throw the ball from behind the end line to a teammate inside the court, without touching it themselves or a defender. The teammate must catch the ball to gain possession of it.

Jump ball is the other method of inbounding. It is used to start the game and for other instances when the possession of the ball is unclear.

In a jump ball, the referee tosses the ball between two opposing players. The player who jumps and gets control of the ball has possession and can pass it to their teammates.


Fouls are penalties players incur when they break the rules of basketball. There are two kinds of fouls in basketball: personal fouls and technical fouls.

Personal fouls are committed by players while playing defense or offense. This can include charging into a defender, hitting a player while moving, or using a physical contact to gain an advantage over another player.

Technical fouls are less common and result from unsportsmanlike conduct or rule violations. If a team commits more than six team fouls, they are in team fouls or penalty.

Players who are fouled while shooting have the opportunity to make free throws. Two free throws for non-shooting fouls and one free throw for a shooting foul, if the player makes the basket then they get awarded a free throw to try and get an extra point.

After a certain number of team fouls in a period, players who get fouled beyond the half-court line are given two free throw opportunities instead of a regular inbound pass.


Violations are similar to fouls in that they are breaches of the rules of the game, but unlike a foul, they don’t typically involve physical contact. Rather, violations result from errors in play, such as traveling, double dribbling, or stepping out of bounds.

If a player takes more than two steps without dribbling the ball, it is called traveling. Double dribbling is when a player picks up the ball and then dribbles it again before passing, shooting, or releasing it.

Palming is when a player dribbles the ball with his/her palm instead of fingers, making the ball easier to steal. Finally, an illegal screen occurs when an offensive player blocks a defender’s path without making contact, a player must set their feet and not move in order to set a proper screen.


Understanding the rules of basketball is essential to playing, coaching, and enjoying the sport. In this continuation of our article, we’ve covered the importance of out of bounds, possession and control of the ball, fouls, and violations.

By following these rules, players can stay safe while engaging in the exciting and fast-paced action of basketball. In this article, we have discussed the components of a basketball court, the ways to score in basketball, and the rules of the game, including out of bounds, possession and control of the ball, fouls, and violations.

By understanding these essential elements, players and fans can appreciate the sport of basketball fully. Remember to always follow the rules to ensure fairness, safety, and an enjoyable experience for everyone involved.


Q: What is out of bounds in basketball?

A: Out of bounds is when the ball crosses a boundary line, resulting in a turnover.

Q: What are the ways to score in basketball? A: The ways to score in basketball include making a basket (worth two points), making a three-pointer (worth three points), and making a free throw (worth one point).

Q: What are personal and technical fouls?

A: Personal fouls are committed by players while playing defense or offense, while technical fouls result from unsportsmanlike conduct or rule violations.

Q: What are some common violations in basketball? A: Some common violations include traveling, double dribbling, stepping out of bounds, palming, and illegal screens.

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