Sport Rulebook

The Significance of Effective Field Goal Percentage in Basketball Analysis

Effective Field Goal Percentage: A Critical Metric in Basketball Analysis

Basketball is a game of numbers, and over the years, analysts and statisticians have come up with different metrics to measure players and teams’ performance effectively. One of the most important advanced stats that has become increasingly popular in recent years is Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%).

In this article, we will take a deep dive into eFG%, its definition, calculation, and significance. What is Effective Field Goal Percentage?

Effective Field Goal Percentage is a weighted measurement of shooting success that accounts for the fact that three-point shots are worth more than two-point shots. Unlike the traditional Field Goal Percentage (FG%), eFG% considers the extra point that comes with a three-pointer.

In other words, eFG% evaluates how efficient a player or team is at scoring points, taking into account the value of the shots made. EFG% = (Total points scored / (2PA + 3PA * 1.5)) * 100

Where 2PA represents two-point field goal attempts and 3PA indicates three-point field goal attempts.

The 1.5 multiplier in the formula is to weigh the value of three-pointers against two-pointers accurately.

The Importance of Effective Field Goal Percentage

Effective Field Goal Percentage is important because it reveals a team’s or player’s ability to score efficiently. A higher eFG% suggests that a team or player is making use of the extra point awarded in a three-pointer and converting shots at a higher percentage.

For instance, a team that shoots 40% from the field but has a higher eFG% of 52% implies that they convert a higher percentage of three-point attempts than two-point field goals. This statistic indicates that the team consistently takes high-value shots, which increases their offensive efficiency and potentially leads to more wins.

In contrast, a team that focuses on midrange jumpers might have an impressive FG% but a low eFG%. Midrange shots are often contested and have a lower value than three-pointers, thus making them a less optimal choice.

Therefore, a high eFG% indicates a team’s ability to optimize its offense and score points effectively.

The Development of Effective Field Goal Percentage

Effective Field Goal Percentage wasn’t always a widely recognized advanced metric. It was first proposed by Dean Oliver, an NBA assistant coach, in his book, “Basketball on Paper: Rules and Tools for Performance Analysis.” Oliver was determined to find a better way to evaluate shooting efficiency that factored in the value of three-pointers.

Oliver realized that a shot taken beyond the arc was worth 50% more than a shot taken inside, thus emphasizing the need to consider the weight of shots in a team or player’s performance analysis. He then came up with the eFG% formula, which quickly gained popularity and has since become a critical metric in basketball analysis.

The Importance of Three-Point Shooting

The rise of three-point shooting in the NBA and other professional leagues has made eFG% even more relevant. Teams that can hit uncontested three-point shots efficiently stand a better chance of increasing their eFG% while simultaneously dominating the opposition.

In addition, eFG% shows how well a team or player uses their shot selection and offensive strategy. Teams that rely primarily on midrange jumpers, despite their high FG%, may have a lower eFG% because of the lower value of those shots.

By contrast, teams that emphasize the three-pointer can achieve a higher eFG%, optimize offense, and increase their efficiency in scoring points.

Conclusion

In conclusion, Effective Field Goal Percentage is a vital advanced metric in basketball analysis that measures a team’s or player’s efficiency in scoring points. It accurately reflects the relative value of three-pointers and two-point field goals and emphasizes the importance of taking high-value shots.

Basketball analysts frequently use eFG% to evaluate and compare players and teams’ offensive efficiency. With the rise of three-point shooting in professional leagues, eFG% has become more significant, highlighting its importance as a key metric in modern basketball analysis.

Usefulness of Effective Field Goal Percentage

Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%) is a relevant metric used in basketball to evaluate the efficiency of a team or players scoring. Its significance lies in its ability to take into account the value of three-point shots.

In this section, we will examine the offensive and defensive approaches teams can adopt to maximize their eFG% and how a high eFG% correlates with individual and team success. Offensive Approaches to Maximize eFG%

To maximize eFG%, teams should look to focus on shot selection and scoring efficiency.

Layups and dunks are the highest-percentage shots on the floor and carry a higher value due to their potential for an And-One and the potential to generate high-percentage transition opportunities. Three-point shots are also high-percentage shots and are worth considering, especially when they are uncontested.

Another approach to maximize eFG% is to implement pick-and-roll plays. With the pick-and-roll, the ball handler can easily penetrate the defense, leaving his teammate open for a clean look at the basket.

Additionally, transition opportunities, where the offense has the ball before the defense is set, can result in easy scoring opportunities. Teams that can adopt this strategy increase their likelihood of producing a higher eFG%, which typically results in more wins and a better team performance.

Defensive Approaches to Minimize eFG%

To minimize eFG%, a teams defense must be good at communicating and contesting shots. Communication and defensive strategies are necessary to limit offensive opportunities, particularly high-percentage shots.

Defenders need to be proactive in adjusting to less-efficient approaches utilized by the opposing team. Predictable offensive patterns can be countered with zone defenses, switches, and help defense to divert shots to low-percentage areas.

A teams ability to contest shots can greatly impact the opponents eFG%. Contesting jump shots is one approach often adopted by several teams.

A contest increases the defender’s probability of making the shooter feel less comfortable, resulting in the shooter missing or taking a lower-percentage shot. Thus, defense must prioritize containing high-percentage shots and contesting other shots.

Good Effective Field Goal Percentage Benchmark

A high eFG% benchmark is essential as it gives teams and individual players a way to measure success. Generally, an eFG% over 50% is considered good for efficient NBA scorers.

Elite players and teams tend to have a higher eFG%. For instance, in 2019-2020, the Lakers had the highest eFG% of 55.4%, while the Bucks had an eFG% of 54.3%.

These teams were among the best performing throughout the season, with the Lakers having the best record in the NBA. Furthermore, eFG% helps put into perspective the importance of the shot selection.

For example, if a player or a team has an eFG% of 60%, it means they can efficiently score at a higher rate than a player or a team boasting a 50% eFG%.

Effective Field Goal Percentage Career Leaders

DeAndre Jordan’s Case

DeAndre Jordan is best known for his defense and dominant performance as an inside shooter, but his excellent eFG% has also earned him recognition as one of the most efficient scorers of all time. Jordan has an all-time field goal percentage of 67.4%, which is the best in NBA history for any player with at least 1,000 career field goal attempts.

Jordan’s prowess inside the paint has consistently been a part of his game, and it shows on the court. Jordan’s eFG% was an impressive 67.6% in the 2014-2015 season when he made 71.4% of his shots from the field.

Similar High-Probability Inside Shooters

Several players exhibit high eFG% inside the paint that is due to their ability to score layups and dunks efficiently. Rudy Gobert, a two-time NBA Defensive Player of the Year, is a fantastic inside shooter with an eFG% of 65.3%.

Like Gobert, Clint Capela boasts a high eFG% of 62.8% due to his scoring efficiency inside the paint. Montrezl Harrell has also emerged as one of the most efficient inside shooters in the league, with an impressive 59.1% eFG%.

Conclusion

Effective Field Goal Percentage is a critical metric used in basketball analysis to measure the efficiency of a team or player’s scoring. Taking higher value shots, such as uncontested three-point shots, layups, and dunks, can result in a higher eFG%.

On the other hand, contesting shots and limiting the opponent’s high-percentage shot opportunities can result in a lower eFG% by the opposing team. DeAndre Jordan, Rudy Gobert, Clint Capela, and Montrezl Harrell have demonstrated that excellent inside shooting can lead to a high eFG%, and teams that focus on maximizing this metric tend to perform better.

Effective Field Goal Percentage (eFG%) is a vital metric used in basketball analysis to evaluate the efficiency of a player or team’s scoring. Its formula considers the value of three-point shots and can be used to measure how well a team or player uses their shot selection and offensive strategy.

Teams can maximize their eFG% by taking high-value shots and implementing pick-and-roll plays, while defense must focus on limiting high-percentage shots and contesting others. DeAndre Jordan, Rudy Gobert, Clint Capela, and Montrezl Harrell are examples of players who exhibit excellent inside shooting and have high eFG%.

A higher eFG% correlates with individual and team success, emphasizing the importance of this metric in the game of basketball.

FAQs:

Q: What is Effective Field Goal Percentage?

A: Effective Field Goal Percentage is a weighted measurement of shooting success that accounts for the fact that three-point shots are worth more than two-point shots. Q: Why is eFG% important?

A: eFG% is important because it reveals a team’s or player’s ability to score points efficiently, taking into account the value of the shots made. Q: How can a team maximize eFG% on the offensive end?

A: A team can maximize eFG% by taking higher-value shots such as layups, dunks, and uncontested three-point shots. Implementing pick-and-roll plays and transition opportunities can also help.

Q: How can a team minimize eFG% on the defensive end? A: A team can minimize eFG% by focusing on limiting high-percentage shots by contesting shots and adjusting strategies to counter predictable offensive patterns.

Q: What is a good eFG% benchmark? A: Generally, an eFG% over 50% is considered good for efficient NBA scorers.

Elite players and teams tend to have a higher eFG%. Q: Who are some high-percentage inside shooters?

A: DeAndre Jordan, Rudy Gobert, Clint Capela, and Montrezl Harrell are examples of players with high eFG% due to their ability to score layups and dunks efficiently.

Popular Posts